 # Question: How Depreciation Is Calculated As Per Companies Act?

Depreciation is calculated by considering useful life of asset, cost and residual value.

Any method WDV or SLM can be used.

Schedule – II contains a list of useful life according to class of assets and the residual value shall not be more than five percent of the original cost of asset.

## What is depreciation rate as per Companies Act?

In accountancy, depreciation refers to two aspects – a decrease in the value of the assets and allocation of the cost of assets to the useful life of the assets. Under Companies Act, 2013, The depreciation is calculated on the basis of the useful life of assets and not on the basis of the rate of depreciation.

## When should I charge depreciation as per Companies Act?

Depreciation as per Companies Act on Assets costing less than Rs. 5000

• Rate of Depreciation on Assets whose Actual Cost does not exceed Rs. 5000 shall be 100%
• However, where the aggregate cost of the Individual Item of Plant & Machinery costing less than Rs.

## How is useful life calculated for depreciation?

Determine the estimated useful life of the asset. It is easiest to use a standard useful life for each class of assets. Divide the estimated useful life (in years) into 1 to arrive at the straight-line depreciation rate. Multiply the depreciation rate by the asset cost (less salvage value).

## Is it mandatory to claim depreciation as per Companies Act?

Basically, it tells that the asset shall be depreciated on the Straight Line Method (SLM). In SLM , the depreciation of Rs.4,000 shall be charged per year. In the books of accounts, depreciation shall be charged in the same manner, i.e. as per Companies Act, 2013.

## How is depreciation rate calculated?

Method 2 Using the Double-Declining Balance Depreciation

1. Determine the expected lifespan of the asset.
2. Divide 100% by the number of years in the asset life and then multiply by 2 to find the depreciation rate.
3. Determine the asset’s purchase price.
4. Multiply the current value of the asset by the depreciation rate.

## How is depreciation calculated in India?

Divide the depreciable base by the useful life of the asset to get the annual depreciation amount. If the estimated useful life of the asset is 15 years, then the annual depreciation amount is equal to 45,000 divided by 15, or Rs. 3,000.

## Is it mandatory to charge depreciation?

Dear, It is mandatory under the AS 6 to charge depreciation on fixed assets. Accounting standards are notified under the Companies Accounting Rules 2006 section 211 (3C) and therefore it is mandatory under the companies act.

## Can residual value be depreciated?

In accounting, residual value is another name for salvage value, the remaining value of an asset after it has been fully depreciated. In accounting, the residual value could be defined as an estimated amount that an entity can obtain when disposing of an asset after its useful life has ended.

## How is useful life of assets as per Companies Act 2013 calculated?

As per Schedule II the general useful life of the assets is 15 years. However, as per A Ltd.’s estimation, the useful life of the asset is 20 years supported by the technical advice.